Peace Medal, American Indian, issued by President Millard Fillmore, United States of America, 1850. This medal is a copper strike presented to the Museum by the US Government pre-1924, possibly at an International Exhibition. Peace medals played a significant role in relations between the United States government and the population Indigenous to North America (the terms Native American and American Indian are also used by government and cultural institutions in the USA).
Following the British and French practice of handing out silver medals to tribal chiefs, George Washington began a policy of presenting peace medals to American Indian leaders at treaty signings and other formal ceremonies. Every subsequent American president from Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Harrison is represented on an American Indian peace medal, with the exception of William Henry Harrison. The medals were often produced in different sizes according to the rank of the recipients.
This example is a bronze replica created by the Philadelphia federal mint using the original dies. The series began in 1842 with the Thomas Jefferson medal.
Bare head of the President facing right; around, 'MILLARD FILLMORE, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 1850'.
Two figures standing facing each other, on the left a farmer with his hand on a plough and axe resting on the plough, at right an Indian Chief with arms foulded; in immediate background behind figures, the US flag; in far backround, a farm at left and a tree with Indian tent on right; above, LABOR VIRTUE HONOR
The edge is plain
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), United States of America: Government
Type of item
64 mm (Outside Diameter)