Note: This object is a derogatory depiction of a particular cultural group. Such depictions are not condoned by Museums Victoria which considers them to be racist. Historical distance and context does not excuse or erase this fact.
Black wooden male figure, with movable arms and legs and a moulded face. It was designed to be jiggled around to simulate dancing. It was produced by Leo Sterne in his factory in Leicester Street, Carlton the late 1940s.
Male puppet, consisting of a flat wooden body and head, painted black, on which a moulded composite face has been attached. Movable black wooden arms have been nailed to each shoulder. Nailed to the bottom of the body are jointed wooden legs which are encased in red and white cloth pants, with black painted feet. On the front of the body is attached yellow and white plastic, to represent a jacket, with two drawing pins for buttons and a red crepe paper bowtie. On his head is a white crepe paper hat. A thick piece of wood is attached to the back, along the shoulder, in which is a large hole, intended for a wooden rod (not present.)
The collection of Melbourne Toy manufacturer L.J.Sterne (Leo Sterne) was donated to the History Collection of Museum Victoria in 1990 by the executers of his estate. Containing over 300 items it is, however, largely a paper-based collection, featuring catalogues, advertising brochures, flyers, packaging, photographs and certificates, as well as some doll parts (such as limbs, eyes and wigs) and other items from the manufacturing process. There are only around seven or eight examples of the company's finished product (most of which came from other sources than the Sterne Estate donation), so the head and the jig dolls are wonderful additions to the collection. They fit in perfectly with the proposed future collecting directions of the Museum's Childhood Collection Policy, which is to focus on acquiring Victorian manufactured toys, particularly those which build on existing collections. As objects, they also enhance the display potential of the L.J. Sterne collection in looking at manufacturing in Melbourne and its decline, early children's television production, and Sterne as an immigration story.
The jig dolls have added interest as an example of the way non-Europeans have been represented in manufactured goods in Australia.
The vendor is the niece of Leol Sterne, and was left the items after he died.
Type of item
Email correspondence from vendor (copies printed for supplementary file.) `Gerry Gee and Me', Ron Blaskett (2001); `The Encyclopedia of Australian Dolls', Marjory Fainges (1993)