Summary

Black and white photographic print which shows two German prisoners being treated by two New Zealand soldiers. Over the course of World War I Britain had captured 72,000 prisoners of war, most of these just before Armistice in 1918. In comparison, Germany had captured 2.5 million prisoners, with the majority of these being released upon the conclusion of the war. Central Powers (Germany, Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria) prisoners of war were not released immediately. Many were put into forced labour and not released until as late as 1920.

It is one of 95 black and white, and, sepia toned photographs taken in France during World War I, attached to a photograph album. The album includes a few photographs of enemy prisoners, the war cemetery at Warloy, a wrecked German ambulance and images of the local French people.

Most photographs are of Albert and surrounds so it would seem probable that most were taken during and after the Battle of the Somme (1916). In addition there are also photographs dated 1917. The photographs were taken by Private John Edward Lord, 13th Field Ambulance, and brought back to Australia by him and compiled in an album at the end of the First World War.

The album is one of many souvenirs brought back to Australia after World War I by Lord, and is part of a larger collection of photograph albums, images, documents and World War I memorabilia donated by Lord to Museum Victoria.

Description of Content

Located in the foreground are four soldiers. The soldier on the far left, identified as a German prisoner, is sitting on the ground with a bandage wrapped around his knee. Further to the right another German prisoner with a blanket around his shoulders is sitting on the ground. Two soldiers are attending him. One of these soldiers can be identified as a New Zealander by his hat. The other man is either also a New Zealander or an Australian soldier. All four men appear to be located on the edge of a road. In the background a small bridge that crosses a ditch is visible. Beyond the bridge, fields and rows of trees stretch into the distance.

Physical Description

Monochrome photograph, mounted in a small, grey photograph album.

Significance

This album appears to have been prepared to 'showcase' the war experiences of John Lord and the photographs associated with these. The album has been very carefully prepared and the quality of the photographs is generally good, in comparison to the album ST40491, also compiled by John Lord, which has a number of photographs which are of poor quality, many photographs removed and written in (mostly) illegible pencil. This suggests this album was most probably compiled after the war, with photographs probably gathered from other photograph albums of Lord's.

The subjects of the photographs are of trenches (both German and Allies), horses, camps, farms, graves and cemeteries, civilians, soldiers, churches and other buildings. Many of the photographs were taken around the town of Albert and are dated 1916 and 1917. From this information we can tell that Lord was involved with the Battle of the Somme when these photographs were taken.

The Battle of the Somme was fought from north of the Somme river between the towns of Albert and Arras. The Battle began on the 1 July and was called off on the 18 November 1916. The Battle of the Somme is famous for the loss of 58,000 British troops (one third of them killed) on the first day of the battle, 1 July 1916, which to this day remains a one-day record.

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