Dutch nationality certificate issued to Jan Cornelis Roos at Schoorl, Netherlands, on 28 February 1934. The document includes a portrait photo of Jan Roos aged 21, his physical description and his signature.
Part of a collection relating to Jan Cornelis Roos (1912 - 1973), a Dutch merchant marine engineer who migrated to Australia during the early 1940s. Jan was born in 1912 in a village near Alkmaar in the Netherlands. He qualified as an electrical technician in 1934 but during the Depression work was difficult to secure, but found some employment in workshops and a shipyard as a fitter. He then obtained employment with KPM the Dutch navigation company and trained as a marine engineer. In 1937 he was awarded the National Medal for Charitable Assistance for rescuing a drowning woman. Jan continued to work for KPM on various ships and was based in Batavia (Jakarta) in the then Dutch East Indies and later in Australia during World War II. In 1941 he married Lillian May Furlong, an elocution teacher in Ballarat, had a daughter (and later a son) and finally settled in Elstenwick and then Upwey, having left the merchant navy in 1951. Jan died in 1971.
A single sheet of composite card printed both sides and folded once to give a dark green cover with the title iin Dutch printed in black ink. On the inside, a printed form of black lettering on buff card completed in black typed script and an attached black and white portrait photo, overstamped with a purple inked circular stamp containing an insignia of a lion on a shield topped with a crown. The document contains two signatures. On the back cover there are five stamped impressions with handwritten dates.
Statement of Historical Significance:
This item is part of a collection relating to Jan Cornelis Roos (1912 - 1973), a Dutch merchant marine engineer who migrated to Australia during the early 1940s, having married Ballarat resident Lillian Furlong in 1941. In 1937 he was awarded the highest medal for civilian bravery in the Netherlands. The collection includes the medal along with documents tracing his education and training in the Netherlands, and his employment particularly with KPM (Dutch Royal Packet Navigation Co.) in the Dutch East Indies and then in Australia.This is a rare example of this medal in Australian collection, and the other material provides a comprehensive overview of the training and employment path of a merchant marine engineer from the 1930s to 1950s within one of Europe's largest shipping companies.The collection also makes interesting connections to broader themes such as Dutch colonialism and trade in the Asia-Pacific, Australia's links within this trade route and the resulting permanent migration of some of the merchant marine personnel.
Donation from Pam Roos, Ian Roos, 13 Nov 2014
Front cover: 'Bewijs van / Nederlanderschap' / 'N.S. 10393' Internal faces: 'BEWIJS VAN NEDERLANDERSCHAP / GELDIG GEDURENDE ... (extensive Text) ... (photograph) / Handteekening van der houder ( de houdster) / (signature) J.C. Roos / 28.2.1934'.
Type of item
Overall Dimensions - Folded
90 mm (Width), 140 mm (Height)