Vaccination certificate issued to J.C.Roos, 4th Engineer on the ship 'Tasman', on 4 September 1943. It was issued from 'Orantje', a Dutch hospital ship and clinic for the Netherlands Forces in Sydney, New South Wales. Certifies that the bearer has been vaccinated against smallpox, cholera and typhoid.

Part of a collection relating to Jan Cornelis Roos (1912 - 1973), a Dutch merchant marine engineer who migrated to Australia during the early 1940s. Jan was born in 1912 in a village near Alkmaar in the Netherlands. He qualified as an electrical technician in 1934 but during the Depression work was difficult to secure, but found some employment in workshops and a shipyard as a fitter. He then obtained employment with KPM the Dutch navigation company and trained as a marine engineer. In 1937 he was awarded the National Medal for Charitable Assistance for rescuing a drowning woman. Jan continued to work for KPM on various ships and was based in Batavia (Jakarta) in the then Dutch East Indies and later in Australia during World War II. In 1941 he married Lillian May Furlong, an elocution teacher in Ballarat, had a daughter (and later a son) and finally settled in Elstenwick and then Upwey, having left the merchant navy in 1951. Jan died in 1971.

Physical Description

Two sheets of paper saddle-stitched into a stiff, mottled green and brown cardboard cover with white printed name-plate and black tape spine, one sheet being a printed certificate with handwritten entries in purple ink and with an insignia for the KPM shipping line; the other, blank pages with a single rubber stamp imprint and date stamp.The inside papers of the front and back covers are printed proformas with added rubber stamps and handwritten entries. The covers also enclose two loose single sheets of paper, printed on one side in black ink with handwritten entries.


Statement of Historical Significance:
This item is part of a collection relating to Jan Cornelis Roos (1912 - 1973), a Dutch merchant marine engineer who migrated to Australia during the early 1940s, having married Ballarat resident Lillian Furlong in 1941. In 1937 he was awarded the highest medal for civilian bravery in the Netherlands. The collection includes the medal along with documents tracing his education and training in the Netherlands, and his employment particularly with KPM (Dutch Royal Packet Navigation Co.) in the Dutch East Indies and then in Australia.This is a rare example of this medal in Australian collection, and the other material provides a comprehensive overview of the training and employment path of a merchant marine engineer from the 1930s to 1950s within one of Europe's largest shipping companies.The collection also makes interesting connections to broader themes such as Dutch colonialism and trade in the Asia-Pacific, Australia's links within this trade route and the resulting permanent migration of some of the merchant marine personnel.

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