Green apothecary jar containing potassium permanganate used in the pharmacy of a mental health hospital in Victoria, Australia, circa 1920. A solution of potassium permanganate was used for its antibacterial properties. Examples of use include cleansing ulcers, mouthwash, vaginal irrigation, urethral irrigation, wet dressings and in baths for the treatment of eczema. It was also used for the treatment of gonorrhoea cases during and after World War I.

Potassium permanganate was formerly known as permanganate of potash or Condy's crystals.

Physical Description

Small, green glass apothecary's jar with round, concave base, straight sides hemispherical shoulder, thin, shortish neck and slightly protruding rim. Has plain glass stopper (stuck in jar) with oblong top. Has yellow label, printed in black, for liquor of potassium permanganate. Jar stained iridescent brown.


Example of phrmaceuticals used in Victorian mental health hospitals.

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