Typewriter of the typewheel class manufactured by the Hammond Typewriter Company of New York, USA. The design was invented by Jame Bartlett Hammond and was first patented in 1880. The Model No. 1 came on the market in 1884. This machine is a Model No.12 which was introduced in 1905.

In this typewriter the characters are carried on a curved strip or shuttle which is attached to a swinging wheel. Pressing a key rotates the wheel and shuttle to bring the selected character into position opposite a hammer. The spring-driven hammer then strikes the paper against the character and ribbon. Because the printed impression of each character was controlled by the hammer spring and not by the force with which the operator struck the key the Hammond typewriters had the reputation of producing very even looking print.

Different shuttles were available, allowing changes in fonts and languages. In the Model 12 two shuttles could be attached to the typewheel at the same time so that fonts could be changed simply by rotating the typewheel through 180 degrees on its spindle. Hammond typewriters were available with either a curved keyboard (known as the 'Ideal') or a straight keyboard (known as the 'Universal'), as with this machine.

Physical Description

Plated metal frame attached by screws to wooden baseboard. Rubber paper feed roller on carriage. Mesh wire cylindrical paper holder on carriage below feed roller. Folding wire paper support above roller. Ink ribbon carried between two spools on vertical axes. Swinging wheel fitted with type shuttles rotates on vertical axis in front of paper feed roller. Three-row QWERTY keyboard with 30 character keys. 'FIG' and 'CAP' keys to left of keyboard. Backspace key to right of and behind keyboard. All keys circular, black with white lettering. Lettering on several keys is partially worn away. Spacebar in front of keyboard. Wooden cover fitted over machine, held to baseboard by a catch on each side.

More Information

  • Collecting Areas

    Information & Communication

  • Acquisition Information

    Donation from J. I. Harle, 30/05/1979

  • Manufacturer

    Hammond Typewriter Company, New York, New York, United States of America, circa 1910

  • Inscriptions

    Serial number engraved on left-hand end of frame beneath carriage: '98896' On plate above and behind keyboard: 'MADE IN U.S.A. / No. Hammond 12' Around hub of each ribbon spool: 'THE HAMMOND TYPEWRITER' On disc attached to baseboard to left of frame beneath carriage: 'MADE IN / NEW YORK / TRADE /[Double world hemisphere image] / MARK / TYPEWRITER / U.S.A. / PATENTED' Also on disc, vertically on left side of trade mark: 'FOR ALL NATIONS' and on right side: 'AND TONGUES' Engraved on shield attached to baseboard to right of frame below carriage: 'J. SELBY LINK / SOLE IMPORTER / MELBOURNE / AUSTRALIA' On front of wooden cover: 'Hammond' On label adhered to underside of cover: [Instructions in English, French, Spanish and German]

  • Classification

    Communications, Typewriting, Mechanical

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline


  • Type of item


  • Overall Dimensions

    360 mm (Width), 375 mm (Depth), 190 mm (Height)
    Overall dimensions with cover

  • Overall Dimensions

    360 mm (Width), 375 mm (Depth), 180 mm (Height)
    Overall dimensions with cover.

  • Keywords

    Office Equipment, Typewriters