Pillbox hat made by T. Bowley & Co. in Melbourne. It was worn by a soldier in the Victorian Artillery, circa 1890.

According to the National Archives of Australia, the Permanent Artillery Corps (or the Victorian Artillery) was created in 1870 to support defence of the colony by providing standing garrisons for fortifications. It also provided staff to instruct voluntary artillery units. The Victorian Artillery remained modest in size, never exceeding 300 men.

Physical Description

Pill-box style hat in black and red wool broadcloth; black crown in eight pieces held at centre by yellow crochet work; red band with exploding grenade badge at front. Thin, adjustable leather chin-strap. Lined with brown leather and quilted, red satin.

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