Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by the Kangaroo Office in Melbourne, in 1854. It was issued by James Nokes, a Wholesale and Retail Grocer, to commemorate the arrival of Sir Charles Hotham in Melbourne on 22 June 1854. Soon after issuing his tokens Nokes experienced monetary problems, and sold his grocery firm to T.W. Thomas & Co. who also issued halfpenny tokens employing the Hotham commemorative reverse.
The tokens were struck by Reginald Scaife at the Kangaroo Office, with dies prepared in Melbourne using steel die banks brought from England, on copper halfpenny blanks. The commemorative reverse die has survived and is in the museum collection NU 35977. Nokes also issued another token which was struck with a stock seated Australia reverse.
A round copper token (28 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: James Nokes, Melbourne, grocer and on the reverse commemorating the arrival of Sir Charles Hotham on 22 June 1854.
Legend in 3 lines (the first and last curved): JAMES NOKES / GROCER / MELBOURNE
At the centre, SIR / CHARLES / HOTHAM / 22D JUNE / 1854 around, IN COMMEMORATION OF THE LANDING OF *
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Eugene von Guerard, 15 Mar 1976
Obverse: JAMES NOKES GROCER MELBOURNE Reverse: IN COMMEMORATION OF THE LANDING OF SIR CHARLES HOTHAM 22D JUNE 1854
Type of item
27 mm (Outside Diameter), 7.545 g (Weight)
-The Argus. 27 October 1856; -Melbourne Commercial, Professional and Legal Directories, 1850 - 1856; -Sands and Kenny Commercial and General Melbourne Directory 1857 ; Gardner, F.. "Trade tokens and the firms who issued them." The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal. 31 March 1913: p. 11; -Sharples, J.. "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens." Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. Vol. 7. December 1993: p. 53; -Hope, John. Nokes, James. Unpublished MSS. 2005: 1pp. This issue was struck by Reginald Scaife at the Kangaroo Office. The dies were prepared in Melbourne using steel die banks brought from England and struck on copper halfpenny blanks also brought out on the Kangaroo. The commemorative reverse die has survived and is in the mueum collection NU 35977. Nokes sold his grocery firm to T.W. Thomas & Co. who also issued halfpenny tokens employing the Hotham commemorative reverse. The second form of Nokes token was struck with a stock seated Australia reverse. Three of these dies are in the museum collection.
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 406
[Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 119
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 196
[Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.