Copper one Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint, circa 1854. Issued by Alfred Nicholas, of the Liverpool Tea Warehouse, Hobart. Nicholas established a retail warehouse, offering goods such as sugar, brandy, ale and tobacco. He also took a keen interest in the colony's administration and was a member of the Tasmanian Legislative Assembly in 1858 and 1859, representing Hobart and Kingsborough.

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the company which issued the tokens: Alfred Nicholas, Liverpool Tea Warehouse, Liverpool St., Hobart Town. The reverse features Britannia seated on a rock facing to left holding an olive branch extended in her right hand and resting a trident on her left forearm; above, BRITANNIA. This token has been cleaned and has fine surface pitting.

Obverse Description

Legend in five lines, ALFRED NICHOLAS / LIVERPOOL / TEA WAREHOUSE / LIVERPOOL ST. / HOBART TOWN; the first and last lines are curved.

Reverse Description

Britannia seated facing left holding a branch and trident, shield with union Jack rests at right, ship in background at left; above, BRITANNIA

Edge Description


More Information

  • Collection Names

    Alfred Chitty Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Mr Alfred Chitty, 15 Mar 1976

  • Date Issued

    circa 1854 AD

  • Issued By

    Alfred Nicholas - Liverpool Tea Warehouse, Hobart, Greater Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1854-1864

  • Previous Collection

    Mr Alfred Chitty

  • Inscriptions


  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material


  • Axis


  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - tasmania, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline


  • Type of item


  • Dimensions

    33 mm (Outside Diameter), 13.976 g (Weight)

  • Shape


  • References

    Archives Office of Tasmania, Index to Pioneer's Database, [Link 1] Advertisement, Hobart Mercury 30 August 1854, p.4 (photocopy) Two Britannia reverse dies were needed to complete this issue with the single obverse. The first reverse broke from the ear to the breast of Britannia (see NU 4170). The simplest method of identification of the reverse dies is from the exact position of the central prong of the trident in relation to the letter second N from BRITANNIA it can be confirmed by measuring the distance from the last A to the sea horizon line: Reverse Central prong Type A to Horizon 2 right corner of N Britannia 9.0 mm 3 centre of N Britannia 10.0 mm Obverse A and reverse 1 are related to the earlier A. Nicholas / Liverpool Arms type Recorded die combinations: B/2, B/3 (this token)
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 401
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 193/1
    [Book] McNeice, Roger. Coins and Tokens of Tasmania 1803-1910., pp.89-90 Pages

  • Keywords

    Tea Trade