Copper one Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London. Issued by Henry J. Hall, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1862. Henry Hall was a grocer, wine and spirit merchant and ran a coffee mill. He arranged for two mints to strike tokens, W.J. Taylor in London, and Stokes in Melbourne. Hall issued nineteen penny token varieties, and three halfpennies. They were very simply designed, with text and no graphic elements.

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and business of the issuer: H.J. Hall, Christchurch coffee mills, family grocer, wine and spirit merchant. This token has a heavy circular knock below the T of CHRISTCHURCH with associated damage on the reverse.

Obverse Description

Across centre between elongated diamond shaped bars, H.J. HALL around above and below, CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS the stops after H and J are square.

Reverse Description

Across centre between elongated diamond shaped bars, H.J. HALL around above and below, FAMILY GROCER : WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT :

Edge Description


More Information

  • Collection Names

    Alfred Chitty Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Sustainable Futures, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Mr Alfred Chitty, 15 Mar 1976

  • Date Issued

    circa 1862 AD

  • Issued By

    Henry J Hall - Christchurch Coffee Mills, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand

  • Previous Collection

    Mr Alfred Chitty

  • Inscriptions


  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material


  • Axis


  • Classification

    Trade tokens, New zealand, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline


  • Type of item


  • Dimensions

    34 mm (Outside Diameter), 15.148 g (Weight)

  • Shape


  • References

    Hall employed two mints to strike his tokens, W.J. Taylor and Stokes. Both firms later meployed the dies to make restrikes and concoctions for collectors. This token is a Taylor strike for details of Stokes products, referred to in the catalogues as 'without bars' see NU 3788. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system. This is a Taylor product 'with bars', the dies are: Obverse + to C of CHRIST E to M of MILLS Other B HENRY J. HALL ONE PENNY C 3.0 mm 3.0 mm D 2.0 mm 4.0 mm D2 as D but die deteriorated through rusting - may indicate a later strike E 2.1 mm 5.0 mm F 1.5 mm 4.0 mm Reverse Y to G of GROCER Other 4 2.0 mm
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 169
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 91/1
    [Book] Lampard, William H. 1981. Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes., No. 322i
    [Book] Humberstone, Vaughn. 2010. Merchants Making Money.

  • Keywords

    Coffee, Grocers, Retail Trade, Retailing, Wine & Spirit Merchants