Copper one Penny token, minted by Thomas Stokes of Melbourne. Issued by Thomas Stokes, Diesinker, Token Maker & Medallist, Melbourne, in 1862. Surcharged B. This token is one of the large number of anonymous tokens struck by Stokes late in 1862. Anonymous issues were manufactured employing two stock dies. Thomas Stokes migrated to Australia in search of gold in the 1850s, being unsuccessful he returned to his trade as a die-maker and button maker. In 1857 Stokes acquired a press from W.J. Taylor and began to mint large numbers of tradesmen's tokens. He also commenced the Australian Medallic Issues. In 1873 Stokes took a partner, Martin, and the business was re-named Stokes & Martin. In 1893 a disastrous fire damaged a large portion of the business, Martin had forgotten to renew the fire insurance policy, and the partnership was dissolved as a result. Stokes rebuilt the business as Stokes & Son. The business became a proprietary concern in 1911, re-named Stokes & Son Pty Ltd. In 1935 the business moved to Brunswick, and in 1962 Stokes became a public company, renamed Stokes (Australasia) Pty Ltd. Today the business is located in Ringwood.

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter) without the name of an issuer or mint. The obverse (so called as all 'anonymous' issues by Stokes have a version of it) is the stock Vine: at centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. The reverse is from a stock Wheat Sheaf die. This token has been surcharged B

Obverse Description

At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 112 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers surcharged B. It is from a Stokes stock die numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 4 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 2.

Reverse Description

At centre a wheat sheaf tied with a cord 4.7 mm long, above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1862 border of 114 beads. (Stock reverse Andrews type 21 = Heyde Sheaf 1 = Sharples Sheaf 1) surcharged B .

Edge Description


More Information

  • Collection Names

    Royal Melbourne Mint Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976

  • Date Issued

    1862 AD

  • Issued By

    Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Mint

    Stokes (Mint), 100 Collins Street East, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Previous Collection

    Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS surcharged B Reverse: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862 surcharged B

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material


  • Axis


  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - victoria, Surcharged strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline


  • Type of item


  • Dimensions

    34 mm (Outside Diameter), 13.99 g (Weight)

  • Shape


  • References

    Stokes products which do not carry the name of an issuer but only reference to Stokes itself, are divided into four series: Series 1: has the wording T. STOKES or THOMAS STOKES MAKER MELBOURNE around the address in three lines 100 COLLINS ST. EAST plus one die where the central wording is ONE PENNY TOKEN in two lines. Series 2: has a description of the types of product, eg. BUTTON CHECK & TOKEN MAKER, around the name and address of the company, T. STOKES 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. All but one die in this series has a line circle between the name and address and the products. Series 3: employs Stokes stock reverse dies for both sides of the token. In all cases one side has a Vine type, this is therefore called the obverse. Series 4: has an obverse legend in eight lines with the first, T. STOKES, and last, MELBOURNE, curved. This token belongs to Series 3 , the anonymous stock die issues. The following thirteen die combinations have been recorded as original, 1862, products: Vine 4 / Arms 7 Vine 5 / Arms 5 Vine 6 / Arms 5 Vine 7 / Arms 6 Vine 4 / Arms 6 Vine 6 / Arms 6 Vine 4 / Sheaf 1 Vine 7 / Sheaf 1 Vine 8 / Sheaf 1 Vine 5 / Sheaf 2 Vine 7 / Sheaf 2 Vine 6 / Emu 3 Vine 9 / Emu 3 See Sharples JNAA Vol 7 pp 5 - 10 & 62 - 63
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No.548
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No.237/1
    [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., No.V.158

  • Keywords

    Surcharged Tokens, Wheat, Wholesale Trade