Nickel Pattern Penny, 1920
Crowned bust variety, Type 10
Between 1919 and 1921 a series of experiments were undertaken for a square coinage in nickel to replace the large bronze penny and halfpenny coins. The shape and size was based of a coin from Ceylon (Sri Lanka). These patterns were never authorised for issue.
A square nickel pattern coin with rounded corners (18mm across, plain edge) featuring a crowned and draped bust of George V facing left with the legend GEORGE V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX 1920 following the straight edges of the coin. The reverse features a Kookaburra seated facing right on small branch; curved above, AUSTRALIA; below at right in two lines and large letters, ONE PENNY
Crowned and draped bust of George V facing left; in a circle around following straight edges of coin, GEORGE V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX 1920
Kookaburra seated on small branch facing right; curved above, AUSTRALIA; below at right in two lines, ONE PENNY
The production of bronze penny and halfpenny coins at the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint began in 1919. The first order from the Commonwealth began "pending the introduction of nickel coins..." leading mint authorities to believe that the introduction of nickel coins was imminent. Between 1919 and 1921 a number of experimental square patterns were produced.
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15/3/1976
Obverse: GEORGE V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX 1920 Reverse: AUSTRALIA ONE PENNY
Type of item
18 mm (Length), 18 mm (Width), 3.865 g (Weight)
Rennicks Type 10 McDonald Type 6
[Book] McDonald, Greg. 1987. Australian Coin and Banknote Market Guide.
[Article] Sharples, John. 1985. Australian Coins 1919 to 1924. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 1 (July): 4-18.