General Description

Body black with yellow patches on the ear (larger in females than males), tail and edges of feathers. Bill dark grey (males) or light grey (females). Circle around the eye pink (males) or dark grey (females). Bill to tail length up to 65 cm.


Yellow-tailed Black-cockatoos feed in small to large flocks, eating seeds from native trees and pinecones as well as insects and grubs that live in logs and trees. Flocks consisting of hundreds of birds can be seen throughout autumn and winter as they move to lower-lying areas. They nest within large tree hollows lined with wood chips or decayed debris which are prepared by both parents. Females typically incubate two eggs and are fed by the male during this time. Only one chick usually survives, staying with its parents for six months. These cockatoos have a harsh, penetrating call and flocks can sound like they are 'chuckling' when flying. Yellow-tailed Black-cockatoos are experiencing population declines throughout their range but locally large populations remain in some areas such as the Gippsland Lakes.


South-eastern mainland Australia and Tasmania.


Wet forests, woodlands and pine forests.

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