Coin issued by Aesernia, Samnium, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 300 BC
Minted by Aeserniae
Head of Hephaistos (Vulcan) facing left wearing a laureate pilos. Behind the head is a pair of tongs and in front VOLCANOM.
Zeus driving a biga to the right, above a flying Nike holding a wreath. In exergue, AISERNINO (partly off the flan)
The city of Aesernia (modern Isernia) through its position near the Volturnus river controlled north-west Samnium. A Roman Latin Colony was placed there in 263 BC. The obverse of this coin depicts the Greek god Hephaistos (Roman Volcanus), a fire god and patron of black-smith's fires (hence the thongs behind his head). On the reverse the Greek god Zeus is depicted in the act of hurlig a thunderbolt while driving a two-horse chariot at speed. Nike (Roman Victory) is flying above presenting a wreath.
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976
circa 300 BC
Listed in Eugene von Guerard's catalogue, vol.1, p.5 under Ager Picenus. Purchased by Eugene von Guerard from the London coin dealer Mr Lincoln for 3 shillings.
Type of item
22 mm (Outside Diameter), 6.921 g (Weight)
BMC. Italy, p. 67, No.1 SNG. ANS. Part 1. Nos 118 to 123 and plate 4.
[Book] Poole, Reginald S. 1873. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Italy., 67 Pages
[Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.